Those who design, construct or in another way shape a building or facility, or part of it, should think about the work environment that will arise in the construction phase and the future use of the building or facility. This means that they must think about how their solutions can be built and used in a safe and healthy way.
Designers – architects, structural designers and others participating in the planning and design
The architects, structural designers and others that are part of the planning and design phase have a responsibility to, within the framework of their duties, ensure that work environment perspectives are taken into account with regard to both the construction phase and future use.
Practically, this can mean:
- thinking about how the work can be carried out, and with which possible methods
- that there is space to carry out the work and for the material that is needed
- that material can be transported and assembled without manual lifting
- choosing material that is easy to handle and is not heavy
- thinking about what work environment aids there are
- thinking about what working decks and hoisting devices are required and exist for certain work
- making sure the material is not health-endangering
- thinking about which jobs needs to be done at the same time or close to each other
- thinking about stability during construction.
They should also think about how the building or facility must be able to be maintained in the future. This can mean that working areas must exist for future ventilation and electrical work, or that there are stable access routes. The building should also be designed with roof safety devices so that, for example, roofs and chimneys can be inspected safely.
Persons producing prefabricated buildings or facilities
If a prefabricated building or structure will be built, the person producing them must ensure that work environment perspectives are taken into account in connection with their design, with regard to both the construction phase and future use. The manufacturer also has a responsibility to ensure that different aspects of the design are coordinated during the planning and design phase.
Examples are designers and producers of prefabricated small houses or concrete elements that are made in factories and the parts are mounted to a building or structure at a construction site.
Last updated 2023-07-03