Swedish labour market model and collective agreements
The Swedish labour market model – an interaction between legislation and collective agreements
The relationship between employers and employees and their organisations is regulated in Sweden in several laws. The labour market parties can make extensive deviations from the legislation through collective agreements. A collective agreement is a written agreement on terms of employment between an employer-representative organisation or an employer and a union organisation. This may also regulate other conditions between employers and employees. The National Mediation Office has more information on the Swedish model.
Collective agreements and contact information
As a posting employer, you can sign collective agreements with a Swedish employee-representative organisation or become a member of a Swedish employer-representative organisation and thereby become bound by a Swedish collective agreement. The employee-representative organisations have the right to take industrial action to get posting employers to sign collective agreements.
If you have questions about what wages or holiday applies for posted workers or the content of a specific collective agreement, please contact the respective organisation below.
Almega (employer-representative organisation for the Swedish service sector)
Almega is an employer-representative organisation that supports service companies in Sweden.
Grafiska företagen (The Swedish Graphic Industries' Federation)
Grafiska företagen is an employer and trade organisation for Swedish companies within the graphic and packaging industry, as well as other sectors associated with the graphic industry.
Gröna arbetsgivare (The Swedish Federation of Green Employers)
The Swedish Federation of Green Employers, is an organisation for employers in agriculture, forestry, horticulture, landscaping, golf and animal clinics.
Svensk Scenkonst (The Swedish Performing Arts Association)
Svensk Scenkonst in an employer-representative organisation within the fields of theatre, music, and dance.
Sveriges Kommuner och Regioner, SKR (The Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions)
The Swedish association of local authorities and regions (SALAR) is an employer-representative organisation that represents and advocates local government in Sweden. All of Sweden's municipalities and regions are members of SALAR.
Akademikerförbundet SSR (The Union for Professionals SSR)
Akademikerförbundet SSR is a trade union for university graduates with a degree in social science, behavioral science or social work.
Phone: +46 8 617 44 00
Akavia is a trade union for business professionals and economists, lawyers, social scientists, IT-academics, HR-professionals, and communication specialists.
Phone: +46 10 303 75 00
Byggnads (The Swedish Construction Workers' Association)
Svenska Byggnadsarbetareförbundet, Byggnads, is a trade union for construction workers.
DIK är is a trade union within the cultural, communications and creative sectors.
Phone: +46 8 480 040 00
Elektrikerna (The Swedish Electricians' Association)
Elektrikerna is a trade union for employees within the electrical industry.
Phone: +46 771 10 14 00
Finansförbundet (union for the financial sector)
Finansförbundet is a trade union within the financial sector.
Phone: +46 8 641 03 00
Forena är is a trade union within the insurance and financial sectors.
Fysioterapeuterna (The Swedish Association of Physiotherapists)
Fysioterapeuterna is a trade union for physiotherapists in Sweden.
Phone: +46 8 567 061 00
GS is a trade union within the forestry, woodworking and graphic industries.
Hotell- och restaurangfacket, HRF (The Hotel and Restaurant Workers’ Union)
Hotell- och restaurangfacket is a trade union for employees in hotels, restaurants and entertainment establishments.
IF Metall is a trade union within, among others, the following industries: plastic, medical products, construction material, steel, chemics, manufacture
Journalistförbundet (The Swedish Union of Journalists)
Journalistförbundet is a trade union which organises professionally active journalists.
Kyrkans akademikerförbund is the union for academics working within the church of Sweden.
Telefon: 08-441 85 60
Kommunal (The Swedish Municipal Workers' Union)
Kommunal is a trade union with members in municipalities, regions, cooperatives, churches, agriculture and also in private companies.
Ledarna (The Managers)
Ledarna is a trade union for managers in Sweden.
Phone: +46 200 87 11 11
Landsorganisationen, LO (The Swedish Trade Union Confederation)
LO is the central organisation for 14 affiliates which organise workers within both the private and the public sectors.
Phone: +46 8 796 25 00
Livsmedelsarbetareförbundet, Livs (The Food Workers’ Union)
Livsmedelsarbetareförbundet is a trade union within the food industry.
Läkarförbundet (The Swedish Medical Association)
Sveriges läkarförbund (Läkarförbundet) is a trade union for doctors.
Lärarförbundet (The Swedish Teachers' Union)
Lärarförbundet is a trade union for every category of teacher, head teacher, student teacher and study and careers advisors.
Phone: +46 770 33 03 03
Lärarnas Riksförbund (The National Union of Teachers in Sweden)
Lärarnas Riksförbund is a trade union for qualified teachers, study advisors and vocational guidance officers.
Phone: +46 010 458 64 00
Målarna (The Swedish Painters' Association)
Målarna is the union for building painters, material workers, iron painters, service workers, car painters, industrial painters and meters.
Phone: +46 8 58 72 74 00
Pappers (union for paper industry workers)
Svenska pappersindustriarbetareförbundet (Pappers) is a trade union within the pulp and papper industry.
Phone: +46 8 796 61 00
SACO-S and the Swedish Agency for Government Employers
An agreement exists between Saco-s and the swedish agency for government for employers.
SEKO is a trade union within the following sectors: civil, energy, defence, postal, telecommunications, traffic, road, railroad and sea
Phone: +46 770 45 79 00
SRAT (academics within health, communication and management)
SRAT is a trade union for university graduates or professionals with a college degree, specialists and managers in the fields of health, communication and management.
SRAT rail traffic
Phone: +46 8 442 44 60
ST (The Union of Civil Servants)
ST is a trade union that solely focuses on organising employees within state agencies.
Phone: +46 771 55 54 44
Sveriges Ingenjörer (The Swedish Association of Graduate Engineers)
Sveriges Ingenjörer is a trade union for graduate engineers.
Sveriges skolledarförbund (The Swedish Association of School Principals and Directors of Education)
Sveriges skolledarförbund is a trade union for managers within the field of education.
TCO (The Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees)
TCO comprises 13 affiliated trade unions. Its members work in all parts of the labour market, for example in schools, healthcare, trade, the media, the police, manufacturing industries, IT and telecom.
Phone: +46 8 782 91 00
Teaterförbundet (The Swedish Union for Performing Arts and Film)
Teaterförbundet is a trade union within the performing arts and film industry.
Phone: +46 8 441 13 00
Transportarbetareförbundet (The Swedish Transport Workers´ Union)
Svenska Transportarbetareförbundet is a trade union for workers in the following industries: lorries and trucking, warehouses, security, flight maintenance, newspaper distribution, waste and recycling, taxi, gas stations, petrol handling, tire shops and more.
TULL-KUST (customs and coast gard)
TULL-KUST is a trade union for employees in The Swedish Customs and The Swedish Coast Gard.
Phone: + 46 8 405 05 40
Unionen (The Union)
Unionen is a trade union for white-collar workers in the private sector.
Collective Agreement concerning conditions for posted salaried employees from another country within EU/EES or Switzerland when work is assigned by companies affiliated to IKEM, pdf, opens in a new window
Vision is a trade union for white-collar workers, regardless of their educational background, in municipalities, county councils, churches and other religious communities, as well as private companies within the welfare system.
Phone: + 46 771 44 00 00
Vårdförbundet (The Swedish Association of Health Professionals)
Vårdförbundet is a trade union for four registered professions: nurses, midwives, biomedical scientists and radiographers.
Last updated 2021-07-15