Work beside roads and railways
There are rules for how work with building and maintaining roads and tracks should occur.
For example, there should be a work environment plan with risk assessments, responsible building work environment coordinators, and different demands that should be fulfilled according to the provisions (AFS 1999:3Eng).
Work with roads and railways is covered by the demands of several different authorities. There are, in addition to the regulations of the Swedish Work Environment Authority, also regulations issued by the Swedish Transport Agency and the Swedish Transport Administration, which stipulate how the work may be carried out. The regulations apply in parallel and this means that all should be followed.
In our regulations there are specific demands regarding passing vehicular traffic during work with roads and railways. This entails that one should choose working methods from the action steps below and that one should strive to:
- Reroute the traffic so that work is not affected.
- Vehicles should pass at a satisfactory distance.
- Traffic is separated by means of traffic devices that prevent or divert traffic from coming into the workplace.
- If 2 or 3 are used, it should even be considered whether there is a need for reduced speed or the directing of traffic past the construction site by a specially designated person.
Read more in 81-86 §§ in the provisions about building and civil engineering work (AFS 1999:3Eng).
Traffic control devices and safety distance
When special traffic control devices are used to prevent or divert traffic, they should be designed and placed so that they effectively protect the employees. The safety barriers should be strong and anchored.
With most roadwork, demands are made for a special traffic control plan, a so-called TA plan, that describes the workplace with safety barriers, traffic signs and stated distance. The TA plan does not replace the Swedish Work Environment Authority’s requirements for a work environment plan.
Speed and safe distance past the workplace should be adapted to the work and the needs of the employees.
Led by a person with specific knowledge
All work beside tracks and roads should, during repair and maintenance, be started and led by a person with specific knowledge.
Our regulations do not state exactly which competence the person should have, but in summary this entails specific knowledge about work beside roads or railways, adapted to the type of work, as well as fundamental work environment knowledge about the work environment regulations that apply to the work, as well as, for example AFS 1999:3 and AFS 2001:1, about systematic work environment management.
Requirements for training and controls
The Swedish Transport Agency and the Swedish Transport Administration place certain demands upon training and checks that those who work besides roads and tracks should have. The municipalities and county councils can also have specific demands about knowledge and training. Certain work requires documented health checks.
The design of streets and roads is governed by VGU (Roads and streets design), regulations that have been drawn up by the Swedish Transport Administration and the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions. VGU is applied by the Swedish Transport Administration, but is voluntary for the country’s municipalities.
There is no standard today that includes temporary safety devices as well as guard rails during roadwork, and therefore there is no demand for CE marking from the supplier. There are, on the other hand, demands regarding other lasting building products in the Construction Product Directive, which the National Board of Housing, Building and Planning is responsible for.
Last updated 2022-03-21